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By Dr. Henrik Svensmark


The Chilling Stars, A New Theory of Climate Change", by Dr. Henrik Svensmark and Nigel Calder. Dr. Svensmark is Director of Sun-Climate Research at the Danish National Space CentreCenter for Sun-Climate Research, Danish National Space Cente.  Nigel Calder is past editor of New Scientist magazone and a UK Journalist who has spent a lifetime spotting and explaining the big discoveries in all branches of science.

"Natural experiment" reference:

  • H. Svensmark, T. Bondo and J. Svensmark, ‘Cosmic Ray Decreases Affect Atmospheric Aerosols and Clouds’, Geophysical Research Letters, Vol: 36, pp. L15101 ff., 2009 

Laboratory experiment references:

  • H. Svensmark, J. O. Pepke Pedersen, N. Marsh, M. Enghoff and U. Uggerhøj, ‘Experimental Evidence for the Role of Ions in Particle Nucleation under Atmospheric Conditions’, Proceedings of the Royal Society A, Vol. 463, pp. 385–96, 2007 (online release 2006)
  • M. A. B. Enghoff; J. O. Pepke Pedersen; T. Bondo, M. S. Johnson, S. Paling and H. Svensmark, ‘Evidence for the Role of Ions in Aerosol Nucleation’, Journal of Physical Chemistry A, Vol: 112, pp. 10305-10309, 2008 
  • M.B. Enghoff, J. O. Pepke Pedersen, U. I. Uggerhøj, S. M. Paling, and H. Svensmark, 'Aerosol nucleation induced by a high energy particle beam,' Geophysical Research Letters, 38, L09805, 2011


By Professor Jan Veizer, PhD

  • Ferguson, P.R. and Veizer, J. (2007). The coupling of water and carbon fluxes via the terrestrial biosphere and its significance to the Earth's climate system. Journal Geophysical Research - Atmospheres, 112, D24S06, doi:10.1029/2007JD008431.
  • Scherer, K., Fichtner, H., Borrmann, T., Beer, J., Desorgher, L., Flückiger, E., Fahr, H.-J., Ferreira, S.E.S., Langner, U., Potgieter, M.S., Heber, B., Masarik, J., Shaviv, N. and Veizer, J. (2006). Interstellar-terrestrial relations: the variable cosmic environments, the dynamic heliosphere, and their imprints on terrestrial archives. Space Science Reviews, 127/1-4, 327-465.
  • Veizer, J. (2005). Celestial climate driver: a perspective from four billion years of the carbon cycle. Geoscience Canada, 32, 13-28.
  • Shaviv, N. and Veizer, J. (2004). Comment. EOS, 85/48, 510.
  • Shaviv, N. and Veizer, J. (2004). Comment on "CO2 as a primary driver of Phanerozoic climate" by Royer et al. GSA Today, 14/17, 18.
  • Shaviv, N.J. and Veizer, J. (2003). Celestial driver of Phanerozoic climate? GSA Today, 13/7, 4-10. Layperson's interpretation of this paper may be seen here.
  • Veizer, J., Godderis, Y. And Francois, L.M. (2000). Evidence for decoupling of atmospheric CO2 and global climate during the Phanerozoic eon. Nature, 408, 698-701.