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April 10, 2012: Alberta Senator Bert Brown promotes climate realism in his speech before the Canadian Senate (April 4, 2012).

The speech text may be read in Hansard, the official record of the Senate here. The complete speech text and his debate with fellow Alberta Senator Grant Mitchell, as cut and paste from Hansard, is as follows (regarding "Resuming debate on the motion of the Honourable Senator Mitchell, seconded by the Honourable Senator Banks, for the second reading of Bill S-205, An Act to amend the Income Tax Act (carbon offset tax credit)").

Alberta Senator Bert Brown

Hon. Bert Brown: Honourable senators, I rise today to provide some quotes from respected international scientists on the climate change debate and the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change, or IPCC.

The following quotes were compiled by Dr. John Happs of Australia. Unfortunately, I have little time to share most of them. Dr. Happs has said that scientific positions are not reached by consensus. If this were the case, then science would still embrace the belief the Earth is at the centre of the universe and the world is, in fact, flat. Much of what I have heard on the climate change debate is consensus and not fact.

What we do know with certainty is that carbon dioxide is not an atmospheric pollutant. It is a colourless, odourless gas that is as essential to life on Earth as is oxygen. Human activity worldwide produces a mere 3 per cent of the carbon dioxide that enters the atmosphere each year. If all human carbon dioxide production stopped tomorrow, it would have no impact on carbon dioxide levels or global temperature.

Carbon dioxide levels, though currently climbing slowly, are among the lowest they have been in a million years. When carbon dioxide levels were 10 times higher than today's levels, the Earth was in the depth of an Ice Age.

Despite government spending over $30 billion on climate research, there is still no empirical evidence to show that carbon dioxide has any effect on global climate. Curiously, the IPCC has been unable to provide such evidence.

Tens of thousands of scientists — a distinct majority — now seriously question the integrity of the IPCC and its findings. Here are quotes from but a few of them.

Dr. Robert Balling of Arizona State University stated:

The IPCC notes that there is no significant acceleration in the rate of sea level rise during the 20th century.

Strangely, this did not appear in the IPCC report.



Dr. Rosa Compagnucci of the University of Buenos Aires said:

Humans have only contributed a few tenths of a degree to warming on Earth. Solar activity is a key driver of climate.

Dr. Robert Davis of the University of Virginia said:

Not a single mention of satellite temperature observations appears in the (IPCC) Summary.

Dr. Chris de Freitas of the University of Auckland, New Zealand, said:

Government decision-makers should have heard by now that the basis for the longstanding claim that carbon dioxide is a major driver of global climate is being questioned. If they have not heard, it is because of the din of global warming hysteria that relies on the logical fallacy of "argument from ignorance" and predictions of computer models.

Dr. Eigil Friis-Christensen, Director of the Danish National Space Centre, said:

The IPCC refused to consider the sun's effect on the Earth's climate as a topic worthy of investigation. The IPCC conceived its task only as investigating potential human causes of climate change.

Dr. Yuri Izrael, former vice-chair of the IPCC and senior scientific adviser to Vladimir Putin, said:

There is no proven link between human activity and global warming. I think the panic over global warming is totally unjustified.

Dr. Richard Lindzen of MIT said:

The IPCC process is driven by politics rather than science. It uses summaries to misrepresent what scientists say and exploits public ignorance.

Dr. Stephen McIntyre, retired Canadian mining consultant and former Chairman of the Board of Trelawney Mining and Exploration, said:

The many references in the popular media to a "consensus of thousands of scientists" are both a great exaggeration and also misleading.

Dr. Nils-Axel Mörner of Stockholm University said:

If you go around the globe, you find no sea level rise anywhere.

Dr. Paul Reiter of the Pasteur Institute in Paris, France:

As far as the science being "settled," I think that is an obscenity. The fact is the science is being distorted by people who are not scientists.

Dr. Frederick Seitz, President of Rockefeller University and President of the United States National Academy of Sciences, said:

In my more than 60 years as a member of the American scientific community, including service as president of both the National Academy of Sciences and the American Physical Society, I have never witnessed a more disturbing corruption of the peer review than the events that led to this IPCC report.

Dr. Paul Reiter of the Pasteur Institute in Paris, France, said:

For the 2001 report, I was a contributory author. And we had these meetings that were absolute...[nonsense]. I mean they had an agenda, and that was it.

Dr. David Deming of the University of Oklahoma said:

In 1999, Michael Mann and his colleagues produced a 1,000-year reconstruction of past temperature in which the MWP simply vanished.

The infamous "hockey stick" became the centrepiece for IPCC propaganda for Al Gore's silly movie, An Inconvenient Truth.

Honourable senators, the IPCC is not really about climate science.

Ottmar Edenhofer is a leading member of the UN's IPC. He was co-chair of the IPCC's working group, and a lead author of the IPCC's Fourth Assessment Report released in 2007. He made clear the United Nations position:

The climate summit in Cancun . . . is not a climate conference, but one of the largest economic conferences since the Second World War.

He described the UN intentions:

We redistribute de facto the world's wealth by climate policy.

Dr. Harold Lewis, department chairman at the University of California, Santa Barbara, said:

Climategate was a fraud on a scale I have never seen.

Dr. William Gray of Colorado State University:

I am of the opinion that (global warming) is one of the greatest hoaxes ever perpetrated on the American people.

Honourable senators, I have one last quote to share with you. It comes from investigative journalist Donna Laframboise:

The IPCC was established by politicians, its experts are selected by politicians, and its conclusions are negotiated by politicians. A predetermined political agenda has been part of the landscape for the past 20 years.

Honourable senators, I urge you to think carefully about the quotes I have shared with you today. If you would like a copy of the full 22-page document, which includes many more quotes from scientists around the world, please contact my office for a copy. We would be happy to provide it to you.

Honourable senators, the following are a number of items that have appeared in the media in the last few weeks.

The continent of Europe has spent $333 billion dollars — a third of a trillion dollars — with no measurable change in the atmosphere.

The Ontario government has had to raise all electricity rates to levels that are driving factories out of the province due to the cost of windmills and solar panels.

Just yesterday a new study was released showing the world's oceans began warming 135 years ago — more than twice as long as previously thought. They have warmed 0.59 degrees Fahrenheit or 0.33 degrees Celsius over that period, 135 years.

Alberta is spending $2 billion for CO2 sequestration. At least Alberta wants to pump CO2 down low-performing oil wells to increase oil production. Cap and trade was sold to companies paying no-till farmers in Alberta $13 to $14 per acre. Today, those trades are asking $3 to $4 an acre and there are no companies willing to buy trades.

Let us stop this expensive nonsense. The energy the Earth gets is from the sun. That was true when the dinosaurs roamed the Earth. It was also true when the ice age covered North America with miles-thick ice that melted and gave us the Great Lakes. It is still true that the sun gives us hurricanes, tornadoes, wind changes, temperature changes and the food we grow. Last but not least, the sun gives the world the food we eat.

Hon. Grant Mitchell: A lot of that was directed at me. While I was sitting there listening to it, I felt like I had been bit by a sheep.


The fact is that these arguments are not particularly strong, and I appreciate that the honourable senator is sincere about them.

On the question of IPCC conspiracy, could the honourable senator please indicate to us how it is possible that thousands upon thousands of scientists all over the world, not just currently but literally since the early 1800s, have established over and over again, independently in many cases, in an infinite number of cases independent of one another, that climate change is occurring and that human beings are causing it, our activity is causing it? How is it that a conspiracy of that magnitude could ever be organized, mustered and sustained for all these decades, which would be absolutely essential to establish and sustain the arguments that the honourable senator is trying to make?

Senator Brown: If the honourable senator had bothered to read the 22 pages that he asked for from John Happs, he would know that, in fact, over a thousand of the scientists who originally believed in the IPCC are now very much afraid that their authorship has been changed by the IPCC chairman. They have been misused, and some of them have even had to sue the IPCC in order to get their documents removed because they were falsified and changed, and some of them actually had lawsuits against them. They are saying that a thousand of those scientists are now very much misrepresented by the IPCC, and they are proving by science that it never was anything that was real.

Senator Mitchell: If the science is so unreliable, if we accept the honourable senator's argument, then can he answer me on this: Why is it that the government is putting money into carbon capture and storage — not enough — but the government says it wants to do something in that regard? Why is it that the Minister of the Environment said clearly that the science of climate change is true and that people are causing it? Why is it that Mr. Harper has said on two occasions, at least, internationally that he wanted to ensure that the climate warming did not exceed two degrees? Why is it that he would have signed the Copenhagen agreement, which was premised upon the fundamental scientifically established idea that human activity is creating climate change? Is this another case where the Prime Minister is lying or incompetent or just cannot get the facts right?

Senator Brown: I gave Prime Minister Harper a copy of the honourable senator's 22-page letter that he asked for and got. I also gave one to the environment minister and one to the energy minister. I am sure the honourable senator will find different opinions from a lot of people across the world because they were brought into something that sounded like it was going to help climate, and they finally realized that it is not any help at all.

Senator Mitchell: When the honourable senator disputes the qualifications of IPCC scientists, is he saying that his government, which appointed Andrew Weaver — who is one of the top climate scientists in the world, who has received some of the top climate science awards in the world, who was appointed by this government — is actually appointing people who are incompetent to do what they are asked to do when they are appointed by this government to an international body? Is he saying that the Prime Minister has actually appointed an incompetent to the IPCC?

Senator Brown: I think Mr. Weaver, whom the honourable senator is talking about, was in a program with the committee on energy a week ago when I was unable to be here, although I do have all the pages from that. I also have the 12 diagrams. I have never seen diagrams before that could actually predict 300 years of change into the future. I have never seen a diagram that, instead of using a 0 and a period, when it estimates something, like 0.50, actually left the zero off, so it appears that the periods are so small that they actually referred to five degrees, when it was half a degree to begin with.

The Hon. the Acting Speaker: The honourable senator's time for speaking has expired. Does he want more time? Five minutes.

Senator Brown: One of the other diagrams that they used to show what wonderful scientists they were is a diagram that says rain falls, freezes, then melts and makes water. Is that supposed to be a scientific diagram, that water freezes, then melts and then rain comes? Was that one of their 12? I have one here with me, if the honourable senator would like to see it. Their diagrams are beyond anything one could believe means anything at all. They even showed a globe of the world — one big globe. That is all it was. It did not say anything about what the globe was doing. It just showed a great big diagram of the globe.

Does the honourable senator have any more questions? I have 22 pages of the honourable senator's questions that he asked for, and I will give them to him one by one until he has all 25 of them.

Senator Mitchell: Do you believe in gravity?

One of the points the senator made was that the sea, the ocean, water has been warming for 135 years, as though that is some way to dispute the fact that it is evidence of climate change caused by human activity. The fact of the matter is that the reason that climate change is occurring is because of the increase in carbon dioxide, largely since the inception of the industrial revolution.

I remind the honourable senator, or I ask him: Does he not realize that the industrial revolution probably started about 170 years ago, so it took the first 35 years to begin building up some carbon dioxide in significant amounts so that warming would occur, and sure enough — proof positive — the sea started to warm 135 years ago? It just underlines the point we are making, that human endeavour has created the kinds of emissions that have caused global warming, and there is a time when one has to put down one's slide rule and come into the 21st century and understand that there is tremendous urgency about this. We cannot wait any longer, and there is tremendous opportunity if we do something about it and tremendous risk and danger if we do not.

Senator Brown: The honourable senator's idea about carbon and the ocean was good until 5:15 last night, when I received this from Washington, D.C. They said that the oceans began warming 135 years ago, that they have warmed from 0.53 degrees Fahrenheit, which is a little over half a degree, in 135 years, or 0.33, which is one third of a Celsius degree. That is how much they have changed.

This stuff comes day by day now. These scientists have had all they want. They have watched most of Europe spend $333 billion, with no change in the climate at all. They have scientists now who have discovered there is absolutely no expansion of the ocean that Mr. Gore said would have 15 feet of water on Manhattan Island, and it has expanded only half an inch in the last 20 years because of the half-inch increase in temperature in the ocean going down 2,300 feet or 700 metres.

Does the honourable senator have any more questions?

(On motion of Senator Mockler, debate adjourned.)